The largest fauna nesting and breeding grounds in the country.
In the Southeast corner of Sri Lanka boarded by the Kumbukkan Oya is a paradise for birds known as Kumana. Fed with nearly twenty lagoons and tanks Kumana is the most important bird nesting and feeding ground in the country and is home to nearly 255 bird species, chiefly large flocks of migratory waterfowl and wading birds.
Connected to the Yala National Wildlife Park on the west side and earlier known as Yala-East; Kumana boasts of a rich flora, fauna and a cultural heritage not second to Yala.
The park's wetland areas are surrounded by dry zone tropical thorn forest. The inland forest's flora is dominated by Ceylon Iron wood, Bidi leaf tree, golden shower tree, Ceylon satinwood, mustard tree and arjun tree commonly found in the dry zone. The landscape is littered with rock plateaus and boulders, some even creating unique formations like the giant’s hearth or Yoda lipa, three huge boulders similar to a rudimentary hearth.
Despite its arid weather tens of thousands of birds migrate to the Kumana swamp area annually during the months of April to July.
Rare species such as Black-necked Stork, Adjutant, Eurasian, and Great Thick-knee are breeding inhabitants of the Kumana villuwhile Pintail Snipes migrate to Kumana flying 9,000 to 11,000 kilometres from Siberia.
Asian Openbill, Glossy Ibis, Purple Heron, Great Egret, Indian Pond Heron, Black-crowned Night Heron, Intermediate Egret, Little Egret, Spot-billed Pelican, Indian Cormorant, Little Cormorant, Common Moorhen, Watercock, Purple Swamphen, White-breasted Waterhen, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Black-winged Stilt, Lesser Whistling Duck and Little Grebe are the bird species migrating here in large flocks.
Although Kumana is not celebrated for its mammals the park boasts of a forty strong elephant herd while few leopards, golden jackals, wild boar, otter and fishing cat roam the park freely.
Further to its rich biological heritage Kumana had also been a part of an ancient civilization that dates back to the 3rd century BC and the wildlife park is scattered with archaeological treasures hidden amidst the thick jungles.